It grows in damp sites, especially along streams. This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. A littoral plant can be defined as any aquatic plant along a lake shoreline. Sedimentation alters the ecosystem in lakes in ways like: removing or damaging plants that the fish need for food and spawning; bringing pollutants from the shore/soil into the water; and causing the water to … You will also probably find that these plants will reduce problems with more aggressive and invasive aquatic plants. All Rights Reserved. Identifying the OHWM is important because site conditions vary greatly above and below this mark. best feature Blue vervain’s high nectar content attracts butterflies and bees. There are numerous native trees and shrubs that can be incorporated into a design in this landscape area. Sandpipers, cardinals and juncos eat the seeds. Some examples of readily available natives suited for this area include: Close-up of buttonbush’s fragrant, summer flowers and attractive shiny leaves. aquatic resource management professionals. Learn about lakes online with MSU Extension. When choosing native plants for your shoreline you should have a landscape design plan and know the Lake fetch or prevailing wind direction on your lake in relationship to your property. For more information on a wide variety of Smart Gardening articles, or to find out about Smart Gardening classes and events, visit These plants have most or all of their vegetative and flowering parts above the surface of the water or on the shoreline. Page 31 of 51! Our experts weighed in to identify the six most common shoreline environments and the plants that work best for each: Sandy, dry soil: Bush honeysuckle (native), Common or Creeping Juniper, Smooth Wild Rose, Shadblow Serviceberry, Common Spicebush, White Pine, Snowberry, Fragrant Sumac SHORELINE TREES AND SHRUBS These deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs are representative of plants that will generally do well in moist or wet soil conditions. In addition, the introduction of beneficial aquatic plants will discourage the growth of undesirable plants and algae, provide food for fish, filter the water and wildlife, and help stabilize both the shoreline and lake bottom. Just beware of certain undesirable or invasive plants such as cattails, phragmites, purple loosestrife, alligatorweed and smartweed as many of these have an explosive ability to spread and require extensive effort to manage.Contact your lake and pond management professional to help determine the best plant species for your area and look forward to those beautiful views and welcomed dragonflies, butterflies and waterfowl! Adding habitat for birds and butterflies will add to your overall enjoyment of this outdoor living space. Generally rigid, these plants do not need water for support. In addition, flowering plants and beautiful sedges can be a very pleasing sight that will undoubtedly increase the value of your property.Here are some of our recommended, easy to maintain plants to add to your buffer: Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata)Pickerelweed is a swallow freshwater aquatic plant that grows three to four feet tall, but typically you only see one to two feet since about half of the plant is underground. It has creeping underwater rhizomes with heart-shaped leaves and violet-blue spikes extending about the water. Trees and shrubs for this area tolerate soils that are consistently moist, but are less likely to flood. Be sure to select only native trees and shrubs for this area. They grow in swamps, marshes, and on wet shores and are often found in standing water. Examples from Big Sandy Lake and Crow Wing county. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(227988, '0a9a5f16-c1d9-4b96-8179-eb77ac033f5a', {}); hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(227988, 'c66666b5-b464-490d-a57a-f5087560d3b7', {}); Contact the experts at 888-480-LAKE (5253) for all of your lake, pond and fisheries management needs. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. The plant selection can also be tailored to meet the desires of the landowner but the priority should be providing the best root structure for long term success. For guidelines on designing a shoreline landscape, refer to Bindu Bhakta’s Michigan State University Extension article, “Implementing shoreline landscaping requires pre-planning.”. The OHWM is the level where the action of water is so common and long lasting that it leaves evidence, or a “mark,” on the landscape. Michigan State University Extension’s horticulture educators will present Smart Gardening in a variety of ways at three public shows in Michigan during 2014. It applies to all types of shorelines in both marine and lake environments—from rocky to sand and gravel shores, estuaries to mudflats, rock cliffs to coastal bluffs. It grows in wet sites or shallow water along lake and stream margins, marshes and swamps. Photo credit: Mary Wilson, MSU Extension. The plants above the shoreline are usually a mixture of native grasses, sedges (very similar to grasses), and perennial flowers called forbs. Trees and shrubs that tolerate consistently moist soil, seasonal flooding and exposure to energy from waves and ice grow well in the area between the water level and ordinary high water mark. Certain plants are suited to growing conditions below the OHWM and others are suited to growing above the OHWM. Wetland plants established on the shoreline are a preferred method for stabilizing pond banks, and they provide many benefits beyond erosion prevention. Preventing bluff erosion. It is considered one of the best plants for many ecological reasons including: food for wildlife and oxygen for the pond. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. These buffer strips or ribbons of vegetation catch sediment and other pollution before it reaches the lake. Show your Spartan pride and give the gift of delicious MSU Dairy Store cheese this holiday season! SOLitude Lake Management is a proud member of the Rentokil Steritech family of companies in North America. Arrowhead or Duck Potato (Sagittaria latifolia) Duck Potato, or arrowhead, is a perennial that grows 1 to 4 feet tall and has large broad leaves shaped like arrows with small white flowers. They grow in shallow areas and banks of lakes, ponds, rivers, and ditches. The plants growing in the water are typically a variety of rushes and bulrushes (which look similar to the reeds you can see growing in wetlands) and perennial flowers. Prevent erosion of higher shoreline bluffs by: Retaining moisture-absorbing vegetation on the bluff. February 26, 2014. Also, for a great primer on the topic of natural shoreline landscapes, obtain a copy of “Natural Shoreline Landscapes on Michigan’s Inland Lakes: Guidebook for Property Owners” (MSU Extension bulletin #E3145) available from the MSU Extension Bookstore. Shoreline erosion affects both the Great Lakes and inland lakes in Michigan. Upland. You will also benefit from proper buffer management by attracting insects, like dragonflies, that feed on mosquito larvae, thus helping to control mosquito populations in and around your pond. On June 19, 2012 it began to rain in northern Minnesota. Their height is anywhere from 2 to 3 feet and they flower from May to August. Native Shoreline Plants •Part of a healthy lake system; benefit people and wildlife •Good for wildlife –provide food and cover for birds, amphibians, turtles, and insects. Implementing shoreline landscaping requires pre-planning, Michigan Natural Shoreline Partnership Native Plants webpage, Natural Shoreline Landscapes on Michigan’s Inland Lakes: Guidebook for Property Owners. Survive the extreme weather conditions in Wisconsin keep reading to find out the some the... Runoff and preventing soil erosion points are summarized in the GSH credits and the flowers attract provide... Shallow water along lake and providing a diverse ecosystem banks, and from... The leaves out of the water plans and plant selection ideal for wet conditions, such as and! 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