Fish and Wildlife Service) and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) Government, in cooperation with the Department of Defense and the Department of State.Monument designation provides international, national, and local recognition that the Marianas is a refuge for seabi… The national monument offers solitude and opportunities to experience the woods, rivers, trails, and scenic vistas. Mariana Trench Marine National Monument  Oct. 23, 1972 President Nixon signs the National Marine Sanctuaries Act. Last updated: 11/05/20 The monument is renowned for its biodiversity, including deep-sea coral communities and concentrations of marine wildlife. Lobstermen’s Association v. Under NOAA's existing authorities and the Antiquities Act of 1906 (which authorizes the U.S. President to reserve lands and waters of the nation as National Monuments), the Marine National Monument Program works with federal and regional partners and stakeholders to conserve and protect the marine resources in these large marine protected areas. USMC War Memorial History of the Marine Corps War Memorial "In honor and in memory of the men of the United States Marine Corps who have given their lives to their country since November 10, 1775." June 15, 2006 President Bush establishes the first national marine monument (later renamedPapahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument). The research boat MV Alucia, approximately 100 miles off the coast of Cape Cod, heads to the Seamounts Marine National Monument to investigate deep-sea coral ecosystems within its canyons. Due to its inaccessibility, the region is virtually unexplored. On Sept. 15, 2016, President Barack Obama established the first national marine monument in the Atlantic. The problem began earlier, however, in 2006 when President George W. Bush designated the first “ocean monument”: the 89-million-acre Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, located in the Northwestern Hawaiin Islands, which has since swelled significantly larger. The Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (roughly / p ɑː p ɑː ˈ h ɑː n aʊ m oʊ k u ˌ ɑː k eɪ. Established by Presidential Proclamation in January 2009, the Marianas Trench Marine National Monument is cooperatively managed by the Secretary of Commerce (NOAA), the Secretary of the Interior (U.S. It was designed by Horace Park Planning. The Seamounts Unit has four undersea mountains, and the Canyons Unit has three undersea canyons. The first national marine monument in the Atlantic is designed to permanently protect nearly 5,000 square miles of underwater canyons and mountains off the coast of New England. Current Status Dec. 27, 2019 The DC Circuit dismisses the fishing coalition’s challenge in Mass. Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument is the largest contiguous fully protected conservation area under the U.S. flag, and one of the largest marine conservation areas in the world. For example, one wildlife refuge in the monument, Palmyra Atoll National Wildlife Refuge,  supports more kinds of coral and cnidarians (jellyfish, sea anemones and related aquatic animals — 180 to 190 species) than any other atoll or reef island in the central Pacific — twice as many as are found in Hawaii or Florida. https://earthjustice.org/features/explainer-marine-national-monument The monument is home to more than 7,000 species, including many threatened or endangered birds, plants, seals and sea turtles. The Papahãnaumokuãkea Marine National Monument is the largest marine reserve in the world, larger than all U.S. national parks combined. They are among the most isolated and pristine ecosystems under U.S. jurisdiction. Fish and Wildlife Service works with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, state and territorial governments, and others to cooperatively manage four marine national monuments in the Pacific Ocean and one in the Atlantic. For a breakdown of the Trump Administration’s actions by monument/sanctuary, see our specific pages on Marine National Monuments and Marine Sanctuaries. Coral and Ulua found in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge hosts the world’s largest albatross colony. The monument, which begins about 150 miles off the New England coastline, is an unusually diverse and productive environment. Marianas Trench Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS) Ohio National Monuments . Designated as a monument in 2016, it is the first major marine national monument established in the U.S. Atlantic Ocean. 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